The article examines the various ways in which labor organizations began to form in Baja California. Because of the nature of the Porfirian political economy, which led to the preeminence of North American capital and the introduction of Chinese laborers, particularly in the Mexicali Valley, the first efforts of Mexican workers were directed against foreigners. This did not prevent them, however, from establishing ties with groups in southern California, principally in the Imperial Valley and in Mexicali. In Ensenada, where conditions were quite different, the stevedores organized to control the loading and unloading activities of the port. The Confederación Regional de Obreros Mexicanos, an official organization during the administrations of Alvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles, operated throughout the district. Indeed, the confederation's activities determined, to a great degree, the nature of worker demands in the region.
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